Walnut wood traditionally is used in making traditional Ohrid woodcarvings, wood-carved iconostasis, furniture, etc. At the very beginning of the process, the walnut tree trunk first should be cut into 5 cm thick planks. Then, to be protected from insects, worms, and other pests, the wood is treated appropriately. The walnut wood needed to make the traditional Ohrid woodcarving should always be dry. An open dry place protected from the rain where there is a draft, no moisture is the ideal for that purpose. It will stay there for at least two years.
Walnut wood is warm and rich in color. Its sapwood is creamy white while its heartwood ranges from light to chocolate brown. Walnut wood is very durable in terms of decay resistance, that is why the ancient arts of this old local craft are still in good condition. Walnut wood is relatively heavy and hard and resilient, which means capable of resisting warping and suffering little shrinkage.